Categories
Journal

Social, political and economic influence on women leadership in the 21st century

Authors: Mst Khairunnassa, Zainatul Shuhaida Abd Rahman
Received: 01 August 2023 / Accepted: 05 September 2023 / Published online: 15 October 2023

Abstract

Due to restrictions on women’s behavior and gender disparities in opportunities, much of women’s potential remains untapped in the world. In today’s ever challenging competition, the social community need to increase capability of women to take leadership in realizing their rights and determining their life outcomes among various options, so that they can lead a better life with dignity under any circumstances. The aim of this study was to determine social, political and economic influences on women leadership in today’s world. A content analysis of comprehensive in-depth interviews has taken place to understand the research phenomena. Malaysia has been chosen as the study setup where the proportion of women is almost half of the total population. Data has been analyzed using Nvivo computer programs. The result shows distinctive themes grouped under each measured variables. Social, political and economic influences shaping women leadership with many unseen obstacles at first hand, but later synchronized under study objectives. This research will endeavor not only for empowering of those that are more vulnerable in conflicts or natural disasters such as women, but also to increase awareness about gender equality among men in general and decision makers in local communities as well as among influential people (administrators, educators, politicians and religious leaders) through scientific recommendations on advocacy and training, and accelerate the transformation of social structure.
Keywords: Social, Political, Economic, Influences, Women Leadership, Malaysia
Categories
Journal

Effects of training on Libyan bank employees’ performance mediated by job satisfaction and motivation

Authors: Hasan Milad Almabrouk Altajouri, Asniza Yusuf

Received: 01 September 2023 / Accepted: 20 September 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

The main objective of this research was to investigate the effects of training on employees’ job perfor- mance mediated by their organizational commitment in Libyan banks. A quantitative research design has been adopted to conduct this study by investigating 426 valid responses collected from face to face questionnaire survey. The respondents were selected from 45 branches of banks located in Tripoli of Libya using simple random sampling method. IBM SPSS (version 25) and SmartPLS (version 4) sta- tistical programs have been used to analyze the data and validate the proposed hypotheses. This study finds that training has a positive and significant effect on employees’ organizational commitment, whereas it has no effect on employees’ job performance. Furthermore, employees’ organizational com- mitment has a full mediation effect between training and employees’ job performance. The outcome from this research has contributed to new practical insights. The study concludes that Libyan banks that are seeking to enhance their employees’ performance through training practices should integrate to eval- uate their job performance and specifically focus on their organizational commitment attributes.
Keywords: Training, Job Performance, Job Satisfaction, Motivation,, Libyan Banks
Categories
Journal

The effects of positive electronic word-of-mouth on purchase intention of Malaysian consumers

Authors: Abdullah Al Masud , Ahasanul Haque
Received: 15 July 2023 / Accepted: 01 August 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

The main objective of this research is to investigate the effects of positive electronic word-of-mouth towards online purchase intention of customers in Malaysia. The aggressive promotional activities in social media platforms by the product marketers put the customers in a dilemma while purchasing prod- ucts online. A quantitative research design has been adopted to conduct this study by investigating 428 valid responses collected from survey. The respondents were selected conveniently from Malaysia who visit online shopping platforms like Lazada, Shopee, Amazon and 11 Street. IBM SPSS (version 25) and SmartPLS (version 4) statistical programs have been used to analyse the data and validate the pro- posed hypotheses. This study finds that electronic word-of-mouth is a significant predictor for custom- ers’ online purchase intension. The outcome from this research has contributed to new practical insights. The study concludes that online product marketers need to strategies their promotions by enabling fa- vourable electronic word-of-mouth from contented customers via social media channels and dedicated customer review sections through their platforms.
Keywords: Positive electronic word-of-mouth, Online platforms, Purchase intention, Customers, Malaysia
Categories
Journal

Sustainable food security in modern framework for optimal nutritional well-being of Malaysians

Authors: Ahasanul Haque, Muhammad Tahir Jan, Mohammad Moshiur Rahman
Received: 25 July 2023 / Accepted: 07 August 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

Food security is Malaysia’s second Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), which ensures access to nutritious food available for everyone in the country. In 2006, the Ministry of Health (MOH) launched NPANM II, the National Plan of Action for Nutrition of Malaysia, to handle food and nutrition issues. National surveys revealed that most Malaysians still cannot completely comprehend and implement the Food Pyramid into practice. The Ministry intends to continue the programme through NPANM III to advance the population’s health and strengthen food and nutrition security. Therefore, this empirical study aims to develop inclusive, sustainable food security in a modern framework to identify possible reasons affecting nutritional well-being. In the data collection phase, a questionnaire survey is admin- istered among 318 respondents from five states, i.e. Selangor, Pinang, Johor, Kuantan, and Melaka. The data collection process was taken over three months, from January to March 2023, and it ensured the rectification of missing data. The results derived from the study would provide valuable insights to the policymakers towards identifying the most influential factors toward ensuring food security for enhanc- ing the quality of health and well-being of the Malaysian population and have significant implications for achieving the objectives set under the NPANM III, 2016-2025.
Keywords: Sustainable Development Goal, Sustainable Food, NPANM III, Nutritional Well-Being
Categories
Journal

Effects of training on Libyan bank employees’ performance mediated by organizational commitment

Authors: Hasan Milad Almabrouk Altajouri1* , Asniza Yusuf

Received: 04 September 2023 / Accepted: 21 September 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

The main objective of this research was to investigate the effects of training on employees’ job perfor- mance mediated by their organizational commitment in Libyan banks. A quantitative research design has been adopted to conduct this study by investigating 427 valid responses collected from face to face questionnaire survey. The respondents were selected from 45 branches of banks located in Tripoli of Libya using simple random sampling method. IBM SPSS (version 25) and SmartPLS (version 4) sta- tistical programs have been used to analyse the data and validate the proposed hypotheses. This study finds that training has a positive and significant effect on employees’ organizational commitment, whereas it has no effect on employees’ job performance. Furthermore, employees’ organizational com- mitment has a full mediation effect between training and employees’ job performance. The outcome from this research has contributed to new practical insights. The study concludes that Libyan banks that are seeking to enhance their employees’ performance through training practices should integrate to eval- uate their job performance and specifically focus on their organizational commitment attributes.
Keywords: Training, Job Performance, Organizational Commitment, Libyan Banks