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Journal

Social, political and economic influence on women leadership in the 21st century

Authors: Mst Khairunnassa, Zainatul Shuhaida Abd Rahman
Received: 01 August 2023 / Accepted: 05 September 2023 / Published online: 15 October 2023

Abstract

Due to restrictions on women’s behavior and gender disparities in opportunities, much of women’s potential remains untapped in the world. In today’s ever challenging competition, the social community need to increase capability of women to take leadership in realizing their rights and determining their life outcomes among various options, so that they can lead a better life with dignity under any circumstances. The aim of this study was to determine social, political and economic influences on women leadership in today’s world. A content analysis of comprehensive in-depth interviews has taken place to understand the research phenomena. Malaysia has been chosen as the study setup where the proportion of women is almost half of the total population. Data has been analyzed using Nvivo computer programs. The result shows distinctive themes grouped under each measured variables. Social, political and economic influences shaping women leadership with many unseen obstacles at first hand, but later synchronized under study objectives. This research will endeavor not only for empowering of those that are more vulnerable in conflicts or natural disasters such as women, but also to increase awareness about gender equality among men in general and decision makers in local communities as well as among influential people (administrators, educators, politicians and religious leaders) through scientific recommendations on advocacy and training, and accelerate the transformation of social structure.
Keywords: Social, Political, Economic, Influences, Women Leadership, Malaysia
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Journal

Effects of training on Libyan bank employees’ performance mediated by job satisfaction and motivation

Authors: Hasan Milad Almabrouk Altajouri, Asniza Yusuf

Received: 01 September 2023 / Accepted: 20 September 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

The main objective of this research was to investigate the effects of training on employees’ job perfor- mance mediated by their organizational commitment in Libyan banks. A quantitative research design has been adopted to conduct this study by investigating 426 valid responses collected from face to face questionnaire survey. The respondents were selected from 45 branches of banks located in Tripoli of Libya using simple random sampling method. IBM SPSS (version 25) and SmartPLS (version 4) sta- tistical programs have been used to analyze the data and validate the proposed hypotheses. This study finds that training has a positive and significant effect on employees’ organizational commitment, whereas it has no effect on employees’ job performance. Furthermore, employees’ organizational com- mitment has a full mediation effect between training and employees’ job performance. The outcome from this research has contributed to new practical insights. The study concludes that Libyan banks that are seeking to enhance their employees’ performance through training practices should integrate to eval- uate their job performance and specifically focus on their organizational commitment attributes.
Keywords: Training, Job Performance, Job Satisfaction, Motivation,, Libyan Banks
Categories
Journal

The effects of positive electronic word-of-mouth on purchase intention of Malaysian consumers

Authors: Abdullah Al Masud , Ahasanul Haque
Received: 15 July 2023 / Accepted: 01 August 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

The main objective of this research is to investigate the effects of positive electronic word-of-mouth towards online purchase intention of customers in Malaysia. The aggressive promotional activities in social media platforms by the product marketers put the customers in a dilemma while purchasing prod- ucts online. A quantitative research design has been adopted to conduct this study by investigating 428 valid responses collected from survey. The respondents were selected conveniently from Malaysia who visit online shopping platforms like Lazada, Shopee, Amazon and 11 Street. IBM SPSS (version 25) and SmartPLS (version 4) statistical programs have been used to analyse the data and validate the pro- posed hypotheses. This study finds that electronic word-of-mouth is a significant predictor for custom- ers’ online purchase intension. The outcome from this research has contributed to new practical insights. The study concludes that online product marketers need to strategies their promotions by enabling fa- vourable electronic word-of-mouth from contented customers via social media channels and dedicated customer review sections through their platforms.
Keywords: Positive electronic word-of-mouth, Online platforms, Purchase intention, Customers, Malaysia
Categories
Journal

Sustainable food security in modern framework for optimal nutritional well-being of Malaysians

Authors: Ahasanul Haque, Muhammad Tahir Jan, Mohammad Moshiur Rahman
Received: 25 July 2023 / Accepted: 07 August 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

Food security is Malaysia’s second Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), which ensures access to nutritious food available for everyone in the country. In 2006, the Ministry of Health (MOH) launched NPANM II, the National Plan of Action for Nutrition of Malaysia, to handle food and nutrition issues. National surveys revealed that most Malaysians still cannot completely comprehend and implement the Food Pyramid into practice. The Ministry intends to continue the programme through NPANM III to advance the population’s health and strengthen food and nutrition security. Therefore, this empirical study aims to develop inclusive, sustainable food security in a modern framework to identify possible reasons affecting nutritional well-being. In the data collection phase, a questionnaire survey is admin- istered among 318 respondents from five states, i.e. Selangor, Pinang, Johor, Kuantan, and Melaka. The data collection process was taken over three months, from January to March 2023, and it ensured the rectification of missing data. The results derived from the study would provide valuable insights to the policymakers towards identifying the most influential factors toward ensuring food security for enhanc- ing the quality of health and well-being of the Malaysian population and have significant implications for achieving the objectives set under the NPANM III, 2016-2025.
Keywords: Sustainable Development Goal, Sustainable Food, NPANM III, Nutritional Well-Being
Categories
Journal

Effects of training on Libyan bank employees’ performance mediated by organizational commitment

Authors: Hasan Milad Almabrouk Altajouri1* , Asniza Yusuf

Received: 04 September 2023 / Accepted: 21 September 2023 / Published online: 13 October 2023

Abstract

The main objective of this research was to investigate the effects of training on employees’ job perfor- mance mediated by their organizational commitment in Libyan banks. A quantitative research design has been adopted to conduct this study by investigating 427 valid responses collected from face to face questionnaire survey. The respondents were selected from 45 branches of banks located in Tripoli of Libya using simple random sampling method. IBM SPSS (version 25) and SmartPLS (version 4) sta- tistical programs have been used to analyse the data and validate the proposed hypotheses. This study finds that training has a positive and significant effect on employees’ organizational commitment, whereas it has no effect on employees’ job performance. Furthermore, employees’ organizational com- mitment has a full mediation effect between training and employees’ job performance. The outcome from this research has contributed to new practical insights. The study concludes that Libyan banks that are seeking to enhance their employees’ performance through training practices should integrate to eval- uate their job performance and specifically focus on their organizational commitment attributes.
Keywords: Training, Job Performance, Organizational Commitment, Libyan Banks
Categories
Journal

Crucial Factor Affecting Generation Y’s commitment to the Malaysian IT sector: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors: Sultan Rehman Sherief

Received: 18 December 2022 / Accepted: 10 January 2023 / Published online: 30 April 2023

Abstract

Today, a company’s success or failure is determined more by its employees than by any other factor, including natural resources, technology, or economies of scale, all of which can be replicated with relative ease. Generation Y employees are sometimes referred to as the “next generation of workers,” yet contrary to popular belief, several sources claim that this group is less devoted to remaining with a single employer than its predecessors. The increasing incidence of staff turnover has become an urgent problem. The purpose of this research is to determine what factors influence Gen Y workers in Malaysia’s IT sector to remain loyal to their employers over time. Organizational justice, managerial support, job satisfaction, and work-life balance were the independent variables examined, and their effects on the dependent variable, job satisfaction, were calculated (organizational commitment). It was easy to choose a sample of 195 responders from among the IT professionals who work for Selangor-based businesses. Having a positive influence on organizational commitment were factors including distributive and procedural justice, job satisfaction, and work-life balance. Understanding the causes of employees’ dedication to the company is essential. Organizations may benefit greatly from the study’s findings by tailoring their strategy, pay plans, management styles, and human resource procedures to the preferences of Generation Y workers, who are more likely to be committed to their employers as a result. The results, taken as a whole, show that the factors of organizational justice, managerial support, job happiness, and work-life balance are significantly influential in shaping the organizational commitment of Generation Y workers in the IT sector of Malaysia.

Keywords: Generation Y, Justice, Work-life balance, Organizational Commitment, IT industry, Job Satisfaction,
Malaysia

Categories
Journal

The Effect of Price Fairness on Negative Consumption Emotion of Airline Passengers

Authors: Anhar Abdulmalek Omar Mosleh

Received: 26 November 2022 / Accepted: 16 December 2022 / Published online: 30 April 2023

Abstract

Pricing remains a crucial phenomenon for companies operating in a competitive environment. When it comes to selecting a service, price often tends to be a significant consideration for most customers. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between price fairness and negative consumption emotion of passengers towards airline services. The respondents of this study are passengers who have travelled within one year from /to or within Malaysia using full-service airlines or low-cost carriers. The data was collected using online survey. Data analysis was done using SPSS and PLS-SEM software where 197 responses were suitable for analysis. The findings show that price fairness has negative relationship with negative consumption emotion. This indicates that price fairness plays an important role in reducing negative emotion of the passengers regardless of the situation. The findings of this study can assist airline managers towards understanding the negative impact of negative emotions, and thus provide managers with insights on balancing between fair price and good service.

Keywords: Airlines, Passengers, Price Fairness, Negative Consumption Emotion

Categories
Journal

Evaluating Dimensions of Destination Image for Selection of Eco- tourism Destination in Bangladesh

Authors: Mohammad Moshiur Rahman, Ahasanul Haque, Fatin Husna Suib

Received: 10 August 2022 / Accepted: 15 September 2022 / Published online: 30 September 2022

Abstract

The rising image issues for destinations have become an escalating concern for ecotourism expansion in Bangladesh. The initial research about the destination image offered specific unknown gaps concerned with several advantages. However, this study aims to investigate the effect of destination image on ecotourism destination selection in Bangladesh. The data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire survey of 352 tourists and refined using structural equation analysis. SPSS-AMOS analyses revealed the existence of significant relationships between the variables. The findings demonstrate that a proper image would entice tourists to travel to Bangladesh’s ecotourism destinations. In addition, it may benefit Bangladesh tourism organizations by implementing plans to deal with sustainable development. Nevertheless, this study evaluates the destination image with a three-way interaction between ecotourism destination selection, which might serve as a precedent for future research.
Keywords: Destination Image, Ecotourism, Sustainable Development, Destination Selection
Categories
Journal

Facebook in Bangladesh: Security and Privacy Concerns

Authors: Md. Atiqur Rahman

Received: 25 July 2022 / Accepted: 10 August 2022 / Published online: 30 September 2022

Abstract

Facebook has become a part of most user’s life. Information sharing on Facebook is enjoyable, but it comes with a price in terms of security and privacy. This popular social network has experienced a cascade of security flaws and privacy controversies that have occurred nonstop since 2018. This study aims to collect information on the general awareness of how Facebook users use the site and how they manage their privacy and security preferences to safeguard their data and to consolidate information on users’ general understanding and worries about their privacy and security on Facebook in Bangladesh perspective. This paper is supported with unique primary data from a survey. There are some varying survey findings. In 68.00% of instances, users have finished customizing their Facebook profiles’ pri- vacy settings, which is a significant finding. The most important result is that security and privacy are vital to users, as seen by 68.45% of users who choose not to make their posts public. Another crucial finding is that after establishing their Facebook accounts, 41.03% of users never altered their passwords, even 27% were totally unaware of the system, and 52.60% did not set up ‘Get alerts about unrecognized logins’.
Keywords: Facebook, Privacy, Privacy Policy, Security Setting
Categories
Journal

Students’ Satisfaction in Campus Cafeterias: An Empirical Study
on Public Universities at Klang Valley in Malaysia

Authors: Kaniz Afroza, Ahasanul Haque, Mohammad Serazul Islam

Received: 05 March 2022 / Accepted: 27 April 2022 / Published online: 30 July 2022

Abstract

Cafeteria facilities are a key component of a wholesome arrangement that impacts personal happiness for both native and foreign students. For university students, the first option for dining is on-campus food services which imply the importance of the quality of the cafeteria service and must be reviewed and improved regularly. Considering the importance of students’ satisfaction this study was conducted to investigate the link between variables such as pricing, food quality, customer service, and the atmosphere of students’ satisfaction. The convenience sampling method was used to collect quantitative data from 250 students at public universities in Klang valley of Malaysia which are IIUM, UPM, UM, UiTM, UKM and UTM. The survey was conducted via google form in September 2021. For the data analysis, descriptive, reliability, exploratory factor analysis and regression analysis have been conducted by using SPSS. The study revealed that students’ satisfaction was associated with the four independent variables. All the factors had a significant and positive influence on students’ satisfaction. From the regression analysis, it was found that customer service and price fairness had the most significant influence over student satisfaction which was followed closely by the other two variables which were food quality and atmosphere. It was also concluded that all of the independent factors included in the study had a substantial influence on the dependent variable, which was student satisfaction.

Keywords: Student Satisfaction, Campus Cafeteria, Public Universities, Malaysia